God makes covenant relationships with man. He shows grace with Noah, Abraham, Moses and David. The new covenant is better and superior. This covenant is final, fulfilled, and forever.
THE NEW COVENANT
God is in COVENANT relationship with man.
The COVENANT between a holy God and His people speaks of AN UNBREAKABLE COMMITMENT.
The Hebrew word we translate as COVENANT means CUTTING – it relates to the cutting or dividing of animals in sacrifice. THE SPRINKLING OF BLOOD was a SIGN of COVENANT. Sometimes a MEAL marked a sign of covenant (Genesis 26:28-30, 31:54).
God graciously MAKES and KEEPS COVENANT with WEAK AND SINFUL MEN. It speaks of His PROMISE, His GRACE, and His BLESSING.
God made a covenant with NOAH, a universal covenant with all mankind following the flood. He brought salvation through the Ark. And the rainbow is a sign of that. This is GOD’S SIGN – despite how God-haters try and hijack this sign to celebrate sin and abomination.
As soon as the ark rested on dry ground, in Genesis 8:20, …Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
Then the Lord said, Genesis 9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.
The RAINBOW serves as a visible reminder of GOD’S ETERNAL COVENANT PROMISE that He would not send a worldwide flood again.
It’s interesting that the word is BOW. It means the battle bow, a weapon of death and destruction. God bent His bow in His holy wrath against sin at the time of the Flood. But now God has hung up His bow in the sky. The bow He hangs in the sky is a sign of GRACE over JUDGMENT. The world DESERVES JUDGMENT but God SHOWS MERCY. It was a COVENANT SIGN of a COVENANT PROMISE to a COVENANT PEOPLE. The bow radiates His GRACE, His MERCY and His PATIENCE, and reflects the PEACE we can know, in Him.
God made a covenant with ABRAHAM. In
…the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land…
The covenant sign was the torn flesh of a SACRIFICE, and a smoking vessel, and a flaming torch – symbolic of GOD’S PRESENCE. CIRCUMCISION with Abraham was another SIGN of CUT FLESH, as WITNESS of God’s covenant with the children of Israel (Genesis 17). In Abraham (through Christ) all the families of the earth were to be blessed.
To MOSES and the people of Israel, God said, in
Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people…
This covenant with Moses was also marked by SACRIFICES. The people had just seen God’s deliverance at the time of THE PASSOVER through THE BLOOD. This covenant was marked as the book and the people were SPRINKLED WITH BLOOD (Ch 24:4-8). This covenant of the LAW under Moses was designed to lead the transgressor (convicted thereby as a sinner) to Christ. The tablets of the Law from the Mount were later held in THE ARK OF THE COVENANT above which God’s holy presence was manifest.
God made a covenant with King DAVID. God told him:
2 Samuel 7:16
…thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever…thy throne shall be established for ever.
This covenant was fulfilled in the Lord Jesus Christ, the royal seed of David’s line – the Son of David of Matthew 1:1, the Messiah King, our Lord Jesus, Who will reign forever.
Paul speaks in Galatians 4:24-26 of …TWO COVENANTS… One from MOUNT SINAI – in other words, THE LAW, speaking of CONDEMNATION and DEATH, and THE OTHER originating from …JERUSALEM which is above… speaking of GOD’S GRACE.
NOW we have the NEW COVENANT, A COVENANT OF PROMISE, in CONTRAST with THE MOSAIC LAW, but also in FULFILMENT of it.
Under this NEW COVENANT between God and Man, the NEW TESTAMENT, we can receive God’s GRACE and MERCY because of the Blood of Christ, Who is called in Hebrews 9:15 …THE MEDIATOR OF THE NEW TESTAMENT (or COVENANT)… by means of (His) death…
We read in Hebrews 8:6 that He has …obtained a more excellent ministry… he is the mediator of a BETTER covenant, …established upon better promises.
This NEW COVENANT in Christ is NEW, BETTER, SUPERIOR.
This new covenant is spoken of in: Hebrews 8:8, 10 …Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I WILL MAKE A NEW COVENANT… I will put my laws into their MIND, and write them in their HEARTS: and I will be to them a God, and THEY SHALL BE TO ME A PEOPLE.
In Hebrews 12:24 we read of
…Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and …the blood of sprinkling…
The New Covenant is BASED ON GRACE. It is IRREVERSIBLE. It is based on THE FINISHED WORK OF THE CROSS. This covenant of UNCONDITIONAL BLESSING is FOUNDED UPON THE PERFECT SACRIFICE of the Lord Jesus. It is FINAL, FULFILLED, and FOREVER.
Our Lord says, Luke 22:20
This cup is THE NEW TESTAMENT (COVENANT) IN MY BLOOD, which is shed for you.
Let us partake…
(20) Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through THE BLOOD OF THE EVERLASTING COVENANT,
(21) Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.